The mandate of the Institute is to address the reproductive health issues of national and global relevance. The institute was established with an objective to develop novel and efficacious modalities for fertility regulation through research and thereby assist the government in its mission to stem the population boom. In the past four decades, however, the institute has grown beyond the mandate with which it was entrusted at the time of its genesis. In the wake of new challenges posed by new socio-economic structure, lifestyle modifications, environmental hazards etc. the Institute has expanded its research agenda across the broad field of sexual and reproductive health, in tune with the needs and priorities projected in the National Population Policy 2000. A comprehensive approach, on various aspects of reproductive health rather than addressing them in isolation, is adopted. Biomedical research, clinical evaluation and social science questions which allow incorporation of research results into policy and decision making are systematically amalgamated in formulating various research programs. Research at the institute is linked to the potential user’s perception, and betterment of delivery systems for effectively meeting the healthcare needs. It is intended to promote the use of research results in policy making and planning at the national level, and contribute to the setting of standards and guidelines in the field of reproductive health research. The perspectives and health needs of women and various underserved population groups such as tribal communities, urban slums and adolescents are given special emphasis while formulating research proposals. The programmes also focus on increasing the participation of men in planned parenthood for better reproductive health.
High priority is being given to implement the following strategic issues: develop more effective and safer fertility regulating technologies; develop safer medical methods for pregnancy termination; detect, diagnose and treat RTIs including STIs and HIV; ensure safe pregnancies; promote child health and development; alleviate health concerns related to menopause and osteoporosis; address female infertility and associated disorders such as endometriosis, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS), Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) and idiopathic male infertility. Goal is also to develop effective means for early detection of gynaecological cancers such as cervical and ovarian cancers. Further it is aimed to develop knowledge data bases of various reproductive disorders.
The Institute also foresees the importance of open-ended and exploratory research. Research on some exciting new areas such as functional genomics, structural biology, bioinformatics, preclinical reproductive and genetic toxicology, stem cell research and reproductive tract cancers has been initiated. Such research is essential to bring in fresh insights and create new hypothesis in the field of reproductive health. The infrastructure and the technical skills of the faculty are periodically strengthened by introducing state-of-the-art technologies and providing opportunities to staff for updating their skills.
The Institute strives to (i) conduct biomedical, clinical, operational, and socio-behavioural research on various aspects of reproductive health; (ii) strengthen research capacities, by way of generating human resources trained in reproductive health through regular academic programs and other short term training programs (iii) facilitate propagation of research observations into policy making and planning at national level and also translation of research discoveries to commercial products (iv) provide consultant assistance to other institutions (v) collaborate with national and international organizations in an effort to promote research and research capacity strengthening in reproductive health; and vi) disseminate information pertaining to advances in reproductive health research among researchers; and knowledge on reproductive health issues to underserved communities.
Major Research Areas
• Infertility and Reproductive Disorders
• Reproductive Tract Infections including HIV/AIDS
• Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH)
• Maternal and Child Health
• Fertility Regulation
• Geriatric health with special emphasis on bone health